Supply and Demand
Understanding the laws of supply and demand are central to understanding how the capitalist . Price is negotiation between the buyers and the sellers. In order to understand the relationship between demand and supply, it is also important to determine the response of consumption pattern. The selling price for your goods or services is based on your supply and customer demand. If your price is too high, the demand drops off and your profits fall.
There are class notes, numerous Supreme Court case summaries and information on how to write a research paper inside. Supply and Demand Understanding the laws of supply and demand are central to understanding how the capitalist economy operates. Since we rely on market forces instead of government forces to distribute goods and services there must be some method for determining who gets the products that are produced.
Analysis of the Relationship Between Supply, Demand & Price
This is where supply and demand come in. By themselves the laws of supply and demand give us basic information, but when combined together the are the key to distribution in the market economy Demand is comprised of three things.
Desire Ability to pay Willingness to pay It is not enough to merely want or desire an item. One must show the ability to pay and then the willingness to pay. If all three conditions are not me then the demand is not real. This, by the way, is the purpose of advertising. While many may want a product it is quite another to be willing to pay. Advertising attempts to move a consumer from mere want to action.
These day even condition two may not stand in the way of a consumer. With the advent of credit cards we are able to purchase products without the current ability to pay.
- Supply and demand
Many stores and car dealers even offer on the spot credit though the interest rate may be quite high. What factors alter your desire, willingness and ability to pay for products?
supply and demand | Definition, Example, & Graph | oculo-facial-surgery.info
Some factors include consumer income, consumer tastes the prices of related products like substitutes for that product of items that may complement that product.
Marginal utility - extra satisfaction a consumer gets by purchasing one more unit of a product. The more units one buys the less eager one is to buy more.
Think of diminishing marginal utility this way. It is a hot summer day and your sweating bullets.
You come across a lemonade stand and gulp down a glass. It tasted great so you want another.
This second glass is marginal utility. But now you reach for a third glass. To compensate, you can cut back on production to avoid raising your prices.
On the other side, technological improvements can reduce your costs so you can increase your supply without increasing the price. Your competitors also have a direct impact on the available marketplace supply. When the selling price is high, it attracts new competitors wishing to enter the market. This additional supply pushes the price back down. You must either reduce your price so it is in line with your competitors or risk losing sales.
What Is the Relationship Between Supply & Demand and Customer Tastes in a Product?
Demand and Substitution The demand and price for your goods and services are inversely related. All else being equal, your sales increase when you lower your price and decrease when you raise your price. If you raise your prices too high, substitution starts affecting the demand.Example: Supply and Demand
Substitution occurs when you replace one product with a similar or identical product. For example, although fast food restaurants try to set themselves apart from their competitors, many sell hamburgers. Demand and the Marketplace Demand is built in when you produce or sell unique items.
This often occurs around the holidays when new toys are introduced to the marketplace.