Conflict of the Orders - Wikipedia
Highlight/underline similarities and differences between the patricians and plebeians. Fill in the Venn diagram on the back. In Ancient Rome, there were two . Roman citizens were divided into two classes, Plebeians and Patricians. The plebeians were the Still, marriages between the classes was rare. Patricians and. The Conflict of the Orders, also referred to as the Struggle of the Orders, was a political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats) .
Both the patricians and plebeians had the same family structure. The head of the family was the oldest male, which was the father, grandfather, or an uncle. Everyone in the family lived in the same house.
Women had no authority control except in the home. Many plebeians lived in apartment houses called flats. Some of the apartments were above or behind their shops.
Even fairly well to do tradesmen might chose to live in an apartment-building compound over their store, with perhaps renters on the upper stories. Their own apartments might be quite roomy, sanitary and pleasant, occasionally with running water. Others were not that nice. In the poorer apartment houses, an entire plebeian family grandparents, parents, and children might all be crowded into one room, without running water.
They had to haul their water in from public facilities. Fire was a very real threat because people were cooking meals in crowded quarters, and many of the flats were made of wood. This could cause fires to spread easily. In their entirety the laws did not offer anything drastically new. Twelve Tables The Second Decemvirate also refused to step down and was fueled by old disdain of the Plebs.
Difference between Plebeians and Patricians by on Prezi
In response to the tyranny the Plebeians retreated to their Second Secession. Once again because of the withdrawal of the Plebs Rome was greatly threatened and the Second Decemvirate stepped down.
Two new consuls were elected Valerius and Horatius who would prove to greatly help the Plebeians. They reaffirmed the rights and powers of Plebeian positions such as their Plebeian Assembly and the power of their Tribunes.
Also at around this time in BC the ban on inter-marriage between Plebeian and Patrician was finally removed.
The Struggle of the Orders
For the Plebeians it finally appeared that they might be beginning to get the change they so greatly had desired and in BC Tribunes named Licinius Stolo and L. Sextius would help the Plebeians to gain back the public land stolen from them.
Licinius and Sextius acted both out of seeing that the Plebeians certainly did need some relief but also because of reformation that they deemed necessary within Rome. The saw the plain fact that it was public land and by law should be open to both Plebeians and Patricians and not merely held by the latter.
The Licinian Laws B.
Social Classes: Patrician & Plebeians
A more thorough mode of reform was adopted under the able leadership of the two tribunes, C. Licinius Stolo and L. It was not mere relief, but reformation, which they sought.
- Conflict of the Orders
- Ancient Rome
- Plebeians’ Address and Patricians’ Response
They therefore provided that the occupation of the public land should be thrown open equally to all classes; that no person should receive and hold more than five hundred iligera three hundred acres ; and limitation on the number of slaves that could be held on public land.
They saw to that one of the consuls from now would and required be a Plebeian. While several positions still remained within the control of the Patricians within subsequent years they too would open up to Plebeians and the differences between the political classes would be almost diminished. The Plebeians struggle came to a conclusion with a Dictator named Quintus Hortensius. Hortensius was a Plebeian that sought to finalize the power and position of the Plebeians.
Under him the Hortensian Law was passed which gave the Plebeian Council increased power and withdrew the final Patrician checks of power over the Plebeian officials and assemblies. However in its ending it did not lead to a new democratic Rome in which all people were equally represented. Since they were organized on the basis of the Curia and thus by clanthey remained dependent on their Patrician patrons. In BC, a law was passed due to the efforts of the Tribune Volero Publilius,  which allowed the Plebeians to organize by Tribe, rather than by Curia.
However, in BC, Cicero tells us that the Quaestors began to be elected by a tribal assembly that was presided over by a magistrate. While Patricians were able to vote in a joint assembly, there were never very many Patricians in Rome.
Thus, most of the electors were Plebeians, and yet any magistrate elected by a joint assembly had jurisdiction over both Plebeians and Patricians.
Therefore, for the first time, the Plebeians seemed to have indirectly acquired authority over Patricians. The distinction between the joint Tribal Assembly composed of both Patricians and Plebeians and the Plebeian Council composed only of Plebeians is not well defined in the contemporary accounts, and because of this, the very existence of a joint Tribal Assembly can only be assumed through indirect evidence. This gave the Plebeian Tribunes, who presided over the Plebeian Council, a positive character for the first time.
Before these laws were passed, Tribunes could only interpose the sacrosanctity of their person intercessio to veto acts of the senate, assemblies, or magistrates. It was a modification to the Valerian law in BC which first allowed acts of the Plebeian Council to have the full force of law over both Plebeians and Patricians, but eventually the final law in the series was passed the "Hortensian Law"which removed the last check that the Patricians in the senate had over this power.
The end of the Conflict of the Orders — BC [ edit ] In the decades following the passage of the Licinio-Sextian law of BE, a series of laws were passed which ultimately granted Plebeians political equality with Patricians.
However, an unusual agreement was ultimately secured between the Plebeians and the Patricians. One year, the Curule Aedileship was to be open to Plebeians, and the next year, it was only to be open to Patricians. In addition, after the Consulship had been opened to the Plebeians, the Plebeians acquired a de facto right to hold both the Roman Dictatorship and the Roman Censorship  since only former Consuls could hold either office.
Publilius Philo was elected. As the Tribunes and the senators grew closer, Plebeian senators were often able to secure the Tribunate for members of their own families.
Plebeians’ Address and Patricians’ Response
Around the middle of the 4th century BC, however, the Plebeian Council enacted the " Ovinian Plebiscite " plebiscitum Ovinium which gave the power to appoint new senators to the Roman Censors. It also codified a commonplace practice, which all but required the Censor to appoint any newly elected magistrate to the senate.
It is not known what year this law was passed, although it was probably passed between the opening of the Censorship to Plebeians in BC and the first known lectio senatus by a Censor in BC.