College football playoff could mean philosophical, practical shift from BCS
The first, and most obvious, difference between the old BCS and the new College Football Playoff (CFP), is the additional game that teams will. Here is a beginner's guide to BCS, bowl games and more. levels of college football in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game The BCS relied on a combination of polls and computer selection methods to determine The NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) is the only . The Tournament of Roses Association agreed to release the Big Ten and.
The number of total counters is limited to These limitations are instead found in the Division II Manual. Schools are also allowed to field any combination of men's, women's, and mixed teams.
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The scholarship limits are per school, not per team. The total number of equivalents reached its final value of 6. An exception exists for players at non-scholarship FCS programs who receive aid in another sport. Participants in men's ice hockey are counted in that sport, unless they also play football or basketball. Participants in both men's swimming and diving and men's water polo are counted in swimming and diving, unless they count in football or basketball. Participants in women's indoor volleyball are counted in that sport unless they also play basketball.
How college football bowl games work
All other multi-sport athletes are counted in whichever sport the school chooses. Football subdivisions[ edit ] Subdivisions in Division I exist only in football.
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The subdivisions were recently given names to reflect the differing levels of football play in them. The method by which the NCAA determines whether a school is Bowl or Championship subdivision is first by attendance numbers and then by scholarships. They require a minimum average of 15, people in attendance every other year. With the new rules starting in the season, the number of Bowl Subdivision schools could drop in the future if those schools are not able to pull in enough fans into the games.The College Football Playoffs Explained
Additionally, 14 FCS schools had enough attendance to be moved up in In the first eight seasons of the BCS contract, the championship game was rotated among the four bowls, with each bowl game hosting the national championship once every four years. Oklahoma played in the, and Fiesta Bowlthe national championship and Sugar Bowlthe and Orange Bowl both of which were national championshipsthe Rose Bowland the BCS National Championship Game.
Oklahoma's record was 4—5 with a 1—3 record in National Title games. The University of Miami appeared in every BCS bowl except for the standalone National Championship Game, although Miami did appear in the national championship when that designation was assigned to the original four bowls in rotation.
This relationship continued through the bowl games of January No more than two teams from any one conference could receive berths in BCS games, unless two non-champions from an AQ conference finished as the top two teams in the final BCS standings, in which case they met in the National Title Game while their conference champion played in their conference's BCS bowl game. Due to the "Notre Dame rule",  independent Notre Dame received an automatic berth if it finished in the top eight.
Other independents were not covered under this rule. From the season onwards, the highest ranked non-champion in an AQ conference received an automatic berth, provided it was ranked in the top 4 and its conference did not already receive two automatic berths from the above rules.
If the highest ranked non-champion was in the top 2 and thus played in the championship game, this provision extended to the highest ranked non-champion outside the top 2.
It was ranked in the top 12, or It was ranked in the top 16 and higher than at least one AQ conference champion.
After the automatic berths were granted, the remaining berths, known as "at-large" berths, were filled from a pool of FBS teams who were ranked in the top 14 and had at least nine wins. The actual teams chosen for the at-large berths were determined by the individual bowl committees.
Teams from both AQ and non-AQ conferences were eligible for at-large berths. If there were not enough teams eligible for at-large selection to fill the BCS bowl games, then the remaining at-large teams would have been any FBS teams that were bowl-eligible, had won at least nine regular-season games, and were among the top 18 teams in the final BCS standings.
If there were still not enough teams, the pool for potential at-larges continued to increase by four teams until enough teams were available. Unless their champion was involved in the BCS National Championship game, the conference tie-ins were: The Rose Bowl was permitted to override this provision if it had been used within the previous four seasons.
As agreed by all 11 conferences, the results of the —07 regular seasons were evaluated to determine which conferences earned automatic qualification for the BCS games that concluded —11 seasons. Three criteria were used: Rank of the highest-ranked team, rank of all conference teams, and number of teams in the top The six conferences which met that standard were the AQ conferences. The —11 seasons were used to determine if another conference achieved automatic qualification, or a conference that had AQ status lost it, for the BCS games that concluded the and seasons.
Rankings[ edit ] For the portions of the ranking that were determined by polls and computer-generated rankings, the BCS used a series of Borda counts to arrive at its overall rankings.
This was an example of using a voting system to generate a complete ordered list of winners from both human and computer-constructed votes. Obtaining a fair ranking system was a difficult mathematical problem and numerous algorithms were proposed for ranking college football teams in particular.
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One example was the "random-walker rankings" studied by applied mathematicians Thomas Callaghan, Peter Mucha, and Mason Porter that employed the science of networks. After combining a number of factors, a final point total was created and the teams that received the 25 lowest scores were ranked in descending order.
For instance, if the computers had ranked a team third, fifth, and twelfth, the poll which ranked the team twelfth would be adjusted to rank the team sixth. This was the team's NCAA rank in strength of schedule divided by The team who played the toughest schedule was given.