Jesus in Islam | Mehdi Hasan | Opinion | The Guardian
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus. Of course Islamic thought on Jesus differs from Christian teachings. . Jews and Christians (infidels) of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad are. In Islam, ʿĪsā ibn Maryam or Jesus, is understood to be the penultimate prophet and In Islam, Jesus is believed to have been the precursor to Muhammad, .. consider me to be better than you, do not be haughty in relation to each other but .
Who is Jesus for Muslims?
I had dropped a theological bombshell on him in revealing that Jesus was considered by Muslims to be a prophet of God. Christians, perhaps because they call themselves Christians and believe in Christianity, like to claim ownership of Christ.
It thus comes as a huge surprise to many of them - my friend included - to discover that the world's second-largest faith, Islam, also stakes a claim to him.
- Jesus in Islam
- Jesus through Muslim eyes
He is referred to by name in as many as 25 different verses of the Quran and described as the "Word" and the "Spirit" of God. No other prophet in the Quran, not even Muhammad, is given this particular honour. In fact, Islam reveres both Jesus and his mother, Mary Joseph appears nowhere in the Islamic narrative of Christ's birth. She is the only woman mentioned by name in Islam's holy book and a chapter of the Quran is named after her. But the real significance of Mary is that Islam also considers her a virgin and endorses the Christian concept of the Virgin Birth.
From this basis, reflected upon all previous prophets through the lens of Muslim identity, Jesus is considered no more than a messenger repeating a repetitive message of the ages.
Jesus is not traditionally perceived as divine, yet Muslim ideology is careful not to view Jesus as less than this, for in doing so would be sacrilegious and similar to rejecting a recognized Islamic prophet. The miracles of Jesus and the Quranic titles attributed to Jesus demonstrate the power of God rather than the divinity of Jesus — the same power behind the message of all prophets.
Some Islamic traditions believe Jesus' mission was only to the people of Israel and his status as a prophet being confirmed by numerous miracles. This concept arises mostly from the Hadith.
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Muslim tradition constructs a narrative similarly found in Christian theology, seeing Jesus arriving at the end of time and descending upon earth to fight the Antichrist. This narrative is understood to champion the cause of Islam, with some traditions narrating Jesus pointing to the primacy of Muhammad. Most traditions state Jesus will then die a natural death. They are largely absent.
The Sufi tradition is where Jesus became revered, acknowledged as a spiritual teacher with a distinctive voice from other prophets, including Muhammad. Sufism tends to explore the dimensions of union with God through many approaches, including asceticism, poetry, philosophy, speculative suggestion, and mystical methods.
Although Sufism to the western mind may seem to share similar origins or elements of Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, and Buddhism, the ideology is distinctly Islamic since they adhere to the words of the Quran and pursue imitation of Muhammad as the perfect man. The concepts of Jesus and his preaching ministry developed in Kufa was adopted from the early ascetic Christians of Egypt who opposed official church bishopric appointments from Rome.
These sayings fall into four basic groups: The second group of stories, although containing a Gospel core, are expanded with a "distinctly Islamic stamp". The third group, being the largest of the four, portrays Jesus as a patron saint of Muslim asceticism.
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The last group builds upon the Islamic archetype and Muslim-centric definition of Jesus and his attributes, furthering esoteric ideas regarding terms such as "Spirit of God" and "Word of God". Infancy Gospel of Thomas At least six miracles are attributed to Jesus in the Quran, with many more being added over the centuries by writers and historians. Miracles were attributed to Jesus as signs of his prophethood and his authority, according to educator and professor Ishaq Musa Al-Husayni d.
Dar al-Maarif, ; 2nd ed. Part of the narrative has the infant Jesus defending his mother Mary from the accusation of having given birth without a known husband. Jesus speaks as the angel Gabriel had mentioned at the annunciation: Jesus proclaims he is a servant of God, has been given a book, is a prophet, is blessed wherever he will go, blesses the day he was born, the day he will die, and the day he is raised alive.
That source has Jesus declaring himself the Son of God, the Wordand affirming what the angel Gabriel had previously announced to Mary as detailed in the Gospel.
What do Muslims think of Jesus?
Although this miracle is also not mentioned the canonical Gospel, the same narrative is found in at least two pre-Islamic sources: And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself Quran 4: Islam, in its teachings on Jesus, affirms some points of Christian revelation but not others. The beginnings of Islam in the seventh century coincide with the influence of Christian belief and practice. The Christian belief in the divinity of Jesus and God as a trinity of persons matches neither what Islam believes about Jesus nor what it believes about God.
For Islam, belief in Jesus as other than a prophet takes away from the greatness of Allah. Jesus is not consubstantial with God; he was a man created in time. Despite the differences, the Muslim understanding of Jesus provides a point of common ground: