Jean Valjean - Wikipedia
A summary of “Fantine,” Books Three–Four in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables. The next section of the novel takes place in , two years after Myriel gives the candlesticks to Valjean. therefore does not realize that her relationship with Tholomyès is the biggest joke of Take the “Fantine,” Books Three–Four Quick Quiz. Use the questions in this lesson to help your students consider the events of the story and the intentions of the characters. Characters. Jean Valjean spent nineteen years in prison. Describe the relationship between Madeleine and Fantine. Both Jean Valjean and Fantine are victims of poverty: Jean Valjean goes to jail and . Cosette and the loving relationship between Cosette and Jean Valjean.
Hugo's grand novel is less an exercise in extensive social realism than one in moral or spiritual intensity: Judging from his activities at the barricade in the rue de la Chanvrerie, one would think that Valjean disassociates himself from the cause of the common people, except for the fact of his tenure as Monsieur Madeleine in Montreuil-sur-mer and his acts of kindness toward, individual plebians such as Fantine and Cosette.
The few plebians—Fantine or Valjean, for example—are not simply representative, in the sense of a panoramic realistic novel, of the people; rather they are symbolic concentrations of the plebian experience and character: Valjean's experience summarizes that of the peuple in general—his life mirrors the plebian experience as a whole. A number of moments like that one in which Javert and Valjean argue over the fate of Fantine, arrested as a prostitute, illustrate the concentrated, symbolic nature of Hugo's characterizations in general: The final name Hugo settled on, Valjean, embodies two ideas: He just hoped that the inspector would put it down to an assumption or hearsay.
Is he implying that I would? And so the conversation continued. Javert reminded the mayor of what his detainee had done, the mayor insisted that her "victim" had been in the wrong, Javert reminded him that she'd just insulted him. Eventually Madeleine was forced to pull rank on the insistent policeman, to the point of naming specific laws that allowed him to do so.
Consider it an order from the mayor. Why was the mayor so interested in this, this — common whore? He retreated to his office, not sure what was going on but completely certain that it was no longer his problem.
Madeleine's odd charity cases were not his business. Madeleine, in the meantime, had gently collected Fantine into his arms, half-carrying the woman along with him. Relax, you're in good hands. I insulted you, the mayor of all people -" "Think nothing of it, you were feverish.
But may I say that you have fantastic aim. And that's how I repay you, monsieur, I'm so sorry. He gently pushed her shoulder to encourage her to lay back, and she did, satisfied that it was behind them but still embarrassed.
After all, he was the mayor. He just smiled and tipped his hat, then turned to leave. She didn't want to be demanding, but she had to ask this one thing. As soon as you are well. Madeleine started to spend more and more time with Fantine, talking, sharing meals or just sitting together as he read or caught up on work.
Usually, their time was filled with amicable conversation; they got to know each other.
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For example, Madeleine learned that Fantine hated eating fish; she found that he loved potatoes. He was skilled at chess, she liked card games. The mayor discovered that Fantine crinkled her nose when she was happy; she found out that Madeleine tended to look at his watch when he was nervous, or avoiding a question. He did seem to avoid the occasional query about his past, but she mainly found this out because there was one question he always seemed to dodge, yet she asked it at the end of every meeting: Her cough had slowed, her breathing improved.
The doctor took Madeleine aside, told him that she would be healthy enough to go in a week or less, but not to tell her, as excitement could cause a relapse. Yet she got excited nonetheless.
The mayor left for several days, without giving anybody many details. Fantine, half out of hope and half as an assumption, figured that he couldn't be doing anything else but getting Cosette for her. What else could it be? Fantine was practically humming with excitement by the time Madeleine returned to see her again. And two days later, she was still thrilled. He returned, without Cosette.
When Fantine asked about her daughter, and where the mayor had been, again he deflected. He just wanted to see her, he said, because he'd miss her. But I want to say goodbye, and see you, because it makes me happy to see you healthy. I swear you'll get to see Cosette. The door burst open, admitting a familiar policeman. He looked like six feet of pure anger — fists balled up, face red, he came into the room with his finger pointed straight at her. Wait, no, straight at Monsieur Madeleine.
Jean Valjean, you're under arrest. Who is Jean Valjean? Has Javert gone mad? He proceeded to arrest the mayor. The yelling match between the men made as little sense to her as the last one had; this time because of what was being said, as she was perfectly alert. The inspector kept calling the mayor "Valjean. Javert, however, answered in what could only be described as a growl. This old convict, who broke parole years ago.
He's been deceiving us all with false names and a hidden history -" She felt like she could faint, but of course that would only make things worse. She blinked, as if clearing her vision could clear her understanding. Valjean — apparently that was his name, his real name — leaned towards Fantine.
She started to move away from him, this familiar stranger. To spend two months with a person, and not know their real name — but the look on his face, earnest and honest as an open book, encouraged her to listen. The two girls lives have literally switched places.
Relationship: JVJ and Fantine
Cosette is quite curious and demands to know the past of her adopted father and her mother, but Valjean is not willing to tell her. She is even charitable, which she learned through Valjean. The relationship between Valjean and Cosette is quite special. They found happiness for the first time through each other. Cosette was horribly abused as a child and Valjean faced hard labor in prison.
They both have gone through some kind of trauma and through their relationship, they found some kind of happiness. Eventually Marius found Cosette again because Eponine found the address for him. The two lovers confessed their love for each other as Eponine watched in the background.
Cosette does not want to leave due to her love for Marius, but even Valjean did not know that she loves Marius.
Valjean did learn that Cosette is in love with Marius in the second act after Eponine delivers a note from Marius to Cosette. Valjean heads to the barricades to protect Marius due to how much he loves Cosette. While Marius is recovering, Cosette helped take care of him.
Even though they both have happier fates than a lot of the other characters, they still have faced lots of trauma in their lives: Cosette as child and Marius watching all of his friends die.