But the students love Elizabeth Bennet and her relationship with Darcy and If, together, Elizabeth can develop her Darcy side and Darcy his. The Elizabeth-Darcy relationship dominates the novel. . marrying Jane, but that his treatment of Mr. Wickham had fully been justified because. I'm presuming you haven't read the novel, or just looking around for an opinion, so I'll try to explain in the simplest sense that does not include much spoilers.
Darcy is now so much in love with Elizabeth that he proposes marriage to her. This happens when Elizabeth is staying at Hunsford. Even while making this proposal of marriage to her, he goes out of his way to emphasize the fact of her being socially very much beneath him. Elizabeth, who is a very self-respecting girl, feels deeply offended by the condescending manner in which Mr.
Darcy has made his proposal of marriage, and she therefore summarily rejects his proposal not only because of his arrogant manner but because of other reasons as well. She gives him her reasons for this rejection in some detail.
She tells him that he had prevented his friend Mr. Bingley from marrying her sister Jane. She tells him that he had most unjustly and cruelly treated Mr. Wickham, the son of the steward to Mr. And, of course, she points out to him the superiority complex from which he is suffering. Darcy hands over a letter to Elizabeth.
This letter contains Mr. Through this letter he informs Elizabeth that he might have been mistaken in his judgment of her sister Jane and might have committed an error of judgment in preventing Mr. Bingley from marrying Jane, but that his treatment of Mr. Wickham had fully been justified because Mr. Wickham, far from deserving any favour or any kindness, is an obnoxious man, having no scruples at all. She begins to realize that Mr.
Darcy had, after all, not been unjust in his treatment of Mr. She also realizes that Mr. Darcy had some valid ground for preventing Mr. Bingley from marrying Jane because Jane had really not given to Mr.
Bingley a sufficient indication that she was deeply in love with him. Elizabeth also admits to herself that the behaviour of her mother and her two youngest sisters has been undignified and therefore disagreeable. Darcy is at pains to please Elizabeth by his talk and by calling in her in the company of his sister Georgiana. So anxious is Mr. Darcy to place Elizabeth at Lambton that Mr. Gardiner feel convinced that he is in love with her. Darcy says that Elizabeth is one of the handsomest women of his acquaintance.
Elizabeth, on her part, has now begun to think that Mr. Darcy is exactly the man who, in disposition and talents, would suit her most as her husband. She believes that his understanding and temper, though unlike her own, would answer all her wishes. Darcy still more when she comes to know of the role which he had played in bringing about the marriage of Lydia and Mr. She now thinks that the Bennet family has reason to feel deeply indebted to Mr. Darcy for having saved them from disgrace and infamy.
Wickham the required sum of money and having settled the whole matter amicably shows him to be a high-minded man.
The Development of the Darcy-Elizabeth Relationship – NEOEnglish
The Effect on Mr. Darcy closer to each other. This event is a visit by Lady Catherine to Longbourn. Lady Catherine, in a private meeting with Elizabeth, warns her against agreeing to marry her nephew, Mr. Lady Catherine says that Mr. Darcy is to marry her own daughter Miss Ann de Bourgh and that Elizabeth should not dare to think of marrying him.
Lady Catherine utters all sorts of threats to Elizabeth; but Elizabeth remains calm and unafraid, and her answers to Lady Catherine show that she would decide the matter in accordance with her own wishes in case Mr. Darcy at all proposes marriage to her. When Lady Catherine meets Mr.
Darcy in London, she tells him of the meeting which she has had with Elizabeth, and the answers which Elizabeth had given to her. Darcy now feels convinced that Elizabeth has a soft corner for him, and so he decides to renew his proposal of marriage to her. Darcy once again proposes marriage to her, admitting that he is now a changed man and that all his pride, vanity, selfishness, and arrognce have been humbled by her.
Then his active interference in the relationship between Bingley and Jane, which was accidentally disclosed to her by Fitzwilliam's at Rosings. All this pales into apparent insignificance compared to profoundly insulting manner of Darcy's first proposal to her and Elizabeth's rude rebuttal that he was the last person she would ever marry.
Further insults were heaped in Darcy's letter when in self-justification he feels compelled to expose the vulgar behavior of Elizabeth's younger sisters, mother and father. And were not this more than sufficient to void any possibility of their marriage, Lydia's scandalous elopement with Darcy's worst enemy surely must end all speculation.
The fact that Darcy and Elizabeth did ultimately marry is a dramatic and true to life representation of the power of psychological reversal. In Darcy's case the path of progress began with a similar process of psychological introspection, self-knowledge and regret for what he was and what he had done. But it did not stop there. Darcy travelled the full path from awakening to reversal. He not only recognized his deficiencies. He also took conscious efforts to change both his attitudes and behavior and express that change in ways that made him directly confront all in him that resisted his growth.
Darcy first perceived Elizabeth in terms very near to her initial perception of him. He saw what was objectionable in her family background and failed to perceive the opportunity she represented for his own happiness. Once he awoke to the beauty of her fine eyes, he was so blindly immersed in his own sense of self-importance and his own view of the situation that he never considered for a moment that she might find him objectionable or refuse his proposal. Knowing that Elizabeth's mind had been poisoned by Wickham, it did not occur to him that he needed to expose Wickham's lies before proposing to her.
Knowing that he had interfered in Bingley's relationship with Jane, it never occurred to him that Elizabeth might resent or refuse him on that basis. Even when he proposed to her, he seemed to be unaware how rude and crude was the manner of his address until she so boldly rejected it and expressed her true feelings. It had not occurred to him that the woman he was proposing to might have a view different from his own!
Darcy's path to growth began in ignorant self-immersion and an arrogant sense of his own self-importance. Darcy was naturally repelled by the crude vulgarity of Elizabeth's mother and younger sisters. But, so strong was his attraction to her that he felt compelled to propose in spite of his intense distaste for her family.
Rather than resolving the conflict within himself, he simply decided that his need for her was greater than his objections to her family. This was not sufficient for him to win her. His growth began with a recognition that he could desire something which might be considered objectionable from another point of view. But accomplishment demanded much more. First he had to come to recognize that his own desirability as a marriage partner might be subject to dispute. That was a big blow to his self-esteem.
After fully justifying himself to her in the letter at Rosings, he was forced to reflect on his own behavior and concede that it was far from perfect. He also had occasion to reflect on the condescending offensiveness of his aunt, Lady Catherine, and to realize that the lower classes had no monopoly on poor manners.
When a person grows psychologically, what once appeared to be right or appropriate comes to be viewed as wrong or inappropriate. Darcy believed that when he wrote the letter to Elizabeth he was calm and cool.
He firmly believed that he was obliged to tell her the truth about the behavior of her mother and sisters, even though he knew it would give her pain. He felt no need to apologize for what he said. He emphatically declared in the letter that even his concealment of Jane's presence in London from Bingley was done for the best. By the time Darcy came to propose to Elizabeth a second time, he was sorry he had ever written that letter.
He was ashamed of it and wanted the letter to be burned. He now understood that a gentleman who points out the defects of another person ceases to be a gentleman. It never occurred to Collins that a cultured person would be sensitive even to the mention of such things.
Darcy undergoes that change, whereas Collins and Mrs. The sense of self-righteousness in the position of each is vital. The vital man feels it is always right.
Pride & Prejudice and the Purpose of Marriage | Forbes and Fifth | University of Pittsburgh
It requires mind to set a standard and evaluate one's own position objectively. Darcy's progress was growth from the vital to the mental; rather, from negative vital to positive mental consciousness. Over time the intensity of Darcy's attraction to Elizabeth compelled him to examine his own character and behavior more closely. He became conscious of the gap between the ideals with which he had been raised and his actual behavior.
Like Elizabeth he came to genuinely regret his indiscrete behavior. But he went further. He also decided to change himself. When he met Elizabeth and the Gardiners at Pemberley, they were both visible impressed by Darcy's spontaneous courtesy and graciousness. It became evident even to Elizabeth that Darcy maintained the love he had expressed for her at Rosings.
But now he was no longer struggling against his own better judgment or concerns for social propriety. He had fully made up his mind that he could love and accept her. He had not resolved his disgust for her family. He simply rejected it out of hand and accepted Elizabeth in her own right, an extremely generous gesture for such a socially conscious gentleman years ago.
He may have been ready then to extend a second proposal and Elizabeth may have been willing to accept it, but life was not ready to sanction their marriage.
Or stated otherwise, what both of them had consciously come to accept as desirable, remained a point of subconscious contention. The fact remained that Elizabeth's mother and sister were far from acceptable. The fact remained that Darcy had expressed it and Elizabeth was herself fully aware of it. Their conscious attempt to reconcile was prevented by the continued presence of subconscious conflict.
The elopement of Lydia and Wickham brought the subconscious issue to the fore. Neither could ignore it any longer. It threatened to ruin Elizabeth's life and permanently cancel any prospect of their marriage. It was not sufficient that Darcy was willing to graciously overlook the obstacle. He was forced to do more. He was forced to actively embrace that which had formerly disgusted him. He was compelled to actively work to save Lydia from disgrace so that she could become his sister-in-law and spend his own money so that Wickham could become his future brother-in-law.
In seeking to save the situation, Darcy was forced not only to withdraw his mental objections to the family, but far more difficult, he was forced to reverse deeply-seated vital attitudes. Darcy's escapade with finding Lydia, Elizabeth's encounter with Lady Catherine are on par with each other. Even that heroic effort - rare both in life and in literature - was not sufficient to make to impossible possible.
Darcy had still to reverse his earlier interference in Bingley's marriage to Jane. Darcy's path to accomplishment was by deep psychological change. He had to awaken to and accept his own deficiencies, regret them and adopt a diametrically opposite attitude and behavior. It was not enough for him to concede that he had been wrong.
He went so far as to accept that Elizabeth had been totally right and justified in her rebuke of him and he dedicated himself to become a person truly deserving of her respect and appreciation. His was true psychological growth culminating in personal fulfilment. We might even come to the conclusion that in her effort to be good she refuses to see the obvious and clings to foolish beliefs in spite of blatant evidence to the contrary.
But by the end of the story Jane has accomplished at a very high level. She has married a very wealthy, good man who loves her as intensely as he can love anyone and who will certainly treat her as well as any man could. She has fulfilled her highest aspiration in life. To compound her matrimonial accomplishment, her dearest sister has married her husband's closest friend and constant companion, there ensuring that she and Elizabeth will also be constantly together.
What more could anyone in her position aspire for? Superficially we might be tempted to attribute all this good fortune to her pretty face and docile temperament, a perfect match for Bingley's mild disposition.
Pride & Prejudice and the Purpose of Marriage
We might also give credit to Elizabeth, whose goodwill played a key role in overcoming Darcy's opposition to the match. But these positive influences were not sufficient to overcome the negative contribution of Mrs. Bennet's, whose loud, vulgar behavior and boastful promotion of the match nearly cancelled the prospect entirely. A true appreciation of Jane's accomplishment must take into account the central role which she herself played. Did Jane actually do anything that led to her own success? If so, it certainly did not take the form of active scheming or aggressive self-promotion.
From start to finish her behavior was impeccably restrained. She remained quiet, modest and unassuming. Her visit to Netherfield was at the instance of her mother, not her own initiative. Similarly, the trip to London was foisted on her. Left to herself she would have remained passive, not even permitting herself to think too much of the man to whom she was so very much attracted. What, then, precisely was Jane's contribution to her own accomplishment? If we place ourselves in her position and do not mistake, as Darcy did, her passivity for, we will soon realize that they psychological effort she made was quite considerable and perhaps beyond the capacity of most people.
We need not doubt the intensity of her interest in Bingley or her eagerness to marry at age After the first ball, she frankly acknowledges to Elizabeth her admiration for him. When Bingley returns to London, she is severely disappointed and depressed. Jane had been raised in a society that held up modesty and passivity as high standards for feminine conduct, and yet we find no one else in the story who comes close to her in meeting the standard.
Elizabeth is charmingly aggressive and outspoken. Hurst are proud, haughty and on occasion offensive. Bennet and Lydia are a constant source of embarrassment. Georgiana is the only one who approaches Jane in modesty, and we suspect that in her case youth and timidity were contributing factors. Contrast Jane's behavior with that of Mrs. Both are perhaps equally eager for the match with Bingley. Bennet is unable and unwilling to contain her eagerness.
Bennet to call on Bingley when he first arrived, she openly declares her mercenary ambitions to members of the family and close friends. Jane on the other hand refuses to take any initiative that is not thoroughly proper and appropriate. Obviously her expression of interest was sufficient encouragement to Bingley, but from a distance others had difficulty perceiving it. How many people are capable of that self-restraint? When Caroline and Darcy take initiative to prevent the relationship from maturing by scurrying Bingley off to London, Jane refuses to suspect or find fault with either Bingley or his companions.
Jane's one concern was that she must not be known as one who sought after Bingley. She made a conscious effort not to pursue him. She even tried her best to convince Elizabeth that Bingley was only a good friend. Certainly we do not doubt that she is intensely interested in the man. What self-restraint it requires not to blame or criticize either Caroline and Mrs. Hurst or her own mother and younger sisters for her own disappointment! We see that her characterization of Mrs.
Collins emphasizes their occupational views of marriage relationships. However, it is unclear whether Austen criticizes them individually for having these views on marriage or commenting on the condition of a society in which this is the reality of the matrimonial state.
Charlotte Lucas is characterized favorably as a sensible and thoughtful young woman, worthy to be the best friend of the hero, Elizabeth. The fact that Mr. She is aware of his shortcomings when she accepts him. Collins fills a need for her.
She is practical and sees matrimony for what it truly is to her — not an emotionally fulfilling relationship, but a business deal. Austen casts these characters in very different lights, even though their sentiments on this subject are somewhat similar.
The idea of marriage being a job is a common thread in all three views, but their situations and the implications of their attitudes are significantly different. Collins is the most negatively portrayed character of the three. Making blunder after social blunder, he is at best silly and at worst slightly malicious.
This characterization is connected to how he regards marriage as a career advancement. Collins inhabits a very different station in society than the women of the novel. He already has a career and is stable and provided for very well.
Marriage is not as necessary for men in this world as it is for women. His treatment of marriage as a career move, without any thought to how complimentary or gratifying a match might be, is so odious because it makes light of the reality of marriages of necessity for women. Her determination to get her daughters suitably married is in fact a determination to provide for them; she can do no better within the restrictions of her society.
This is more critical of the culture than of her intellect. She is working within a system that may not be fair, but it is the world she lives in. Similarly, Charlotte does the same thing for herself. Her characterization, although not romanticized or idealized, is positive and flattering. She reflects the best possible reality for many women at the time. However, Austen influences our perceptions of matrimony by using the narrative voice with devices such as irony, word choice, and free indirect discourse.
The narrative voice in this novel is typically ironic rather than serious. This tone betrays the cynical view that the narrator has of marriage. For example, before Mr. Although the tone of the novel is overwhelmingly ironic, there are times when marriage is spoken of in more straightforward and serious terms.