Rehoboam – The Bible Study
Israel, by contrast, was bound and hampered by endless legal assent or even, some asserted in relation to these texts, the tacit election of those to be ruled. and Rehoboam is there anything that resembles theological difference as a Rehoboam and Jeroboam, probably better known now as sizes for. There was a great difference between the two men. Rehoboam grew up in the king's palace: he was the king's eldest son. Jeroboam was just. Rehoboam was the fourth king of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible. He was a son of and the the rule of Jeroboam, Rehoboam remained as king only of the Kingdom of Judah, or southern kingdom. . Family and reputed relations.
In Solomon, Rehoboam had the wisest human father there has ever been. The great collection of songs and proverbs written and gathered by the King 1 Kings 4: How ironic that some of the opening words of Proverbs were immediately forsaken by Rehoboam at the beginning of his reign: Representatives of the twelve tribes gathered to make him king.
There were historical reasons for choosing Shechem, for it was used by the patriarchs and in the early days of the conquest of Canaan, but in reality Shechem was chosen by the tribes specifically because it was not Jerusalem. Rehoboam probably expected a coronation ceremony and cheering crowds. Instead he met a deputation of men from the northern tribes intent on flexing their muscle and exercising a measure of control over the new king.
Responsibility for fomenting the rebellion rested with Jeroboam whose previous history is mainly omitted from Chronicles. The account of the prophecy about Jeroboam in 1 Kings He returned from exile in Egypt, where he had fled from Solomon, and was welcomed by the tribal leaders to present their case to Rehoboam.
There was a great difference between the two men. This becomes evident in what follows. Rehoboam wanted all the pomp of kingship, before proving to the people that he was worth their respect. The record in Chronicles has a different purpose. It is not concerned with the formation or history of the northern kingdom, and this is why little is recorded about Jeroboam and his activities. We are only told as much as is necessary to explain the events in Judah and Jerusalem.
The three chapters in 2 Chronicles devoted to Rehoboam 10—12 start by following the account in 1 Kings 12—14, but soon concentrate on Rehoboam to the exclusion of many of the details about Jeroboam.
The three chapters devoted to Rehoboam divide his reign into three sections: The kingdom was taken from them as it was taken from Solomon. And Rehoboam is one of many examples provided in the history of the southern kingdom. Solomon was still a teenager when his father David used similar words to describe him 1 Chronicles And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? But did Solomon know? He feared that the divided kingdom would re-unite.
In order to protect himself and his kingdom, he established a counterfeit religion for the northern kingdom of Israel. His great fear was that the people of Israel would worship in Jerusalem, as God had instructed. If they did, Jeroboam reasoned, the people of Israel would shift their loyalty to Rehoboam, king of Judah. The solution Jeroboam and his advisors reached was to establish a counterfeit religion — a religion very much like the worship God had ordained for His people, but one which kept the people of Israel from returning to Jerusalem, and worse yet, turned them to idolatry.
Jeroboam made two golden calves, one located in Bethel at the southern part of his kingdom, and the other located in Dan in the northern portion of Israel. His words at the presentation of these idols are all too familiar: After the king had consulted with his advisers, he made two golden calves.
Is it possible that these words are merely coincidental, or is Jeroboam exceedingly wicked? It seems virtually impossible for Jeroboam not to have known that he was leading Israel to disobey God by his worshipper-friendly religion.
His religious revisions were not limited to golden calves. Jeroboam built temples on the high places. He appointed men to serve as priests who were not Levites. He instituted feasts that were designed to replace the divinely appointed Jewish feasts especially those which required the Israelites to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
All-in-all, Jeroboam created a counterfeit religion.
The Kingdom Divided – Rehoboam vs Jeroboam – The Bible History Books
It was one that imitated the Canaanite religions. It was one that appealed to the people of Israel. It was one that turned the Israelites away from the worship of the one true God. Jeroboam therefore becomes the standard by which other evil kings are measured: Jeroboam did this, supposing that it would preserve and promote his reign as king over the northern kingdom.
In reality, it did just the opposite. Even after being rebuked for his sins, Jeroboam persisted in his evil ways, which prompted divine judgment: But you are not like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me wholeheartedly by doing only what I approve. You went and angered me by making other gods, formed out of metal; you have completely disregarded me. I will cut off every last male belonging to Jeroboam in Israel, including even the weak and incapacitated.
I will burn up the dynasty of Jeroboam, just as one burns manure until it is completely consumed. With the division of the kingdom, the Israelites reached a new level of sin and rebellion against God. Jeroboam led the northern kingdom into what was virtually a variation of Canaanite worship. They committed the same horrible sins as the nations that the Lord had driven out from before the Israelites 1 Kings Conclusion The division of the united kingdom is a very significant turning point in the history of the nation Israel.
The promised blessings that God had promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob all applied to the 12 tribes of Israel see, for example, Genesis The promised Messiah was to sit on the throne of David 2 Samuel 7: At this moment, the kingdom is divided into two nations, with two kings.
Worse yet, these two nations are frequently in conflict with one another. Once again, the purposes and promises of God seem in peril. It is a situation that only God can resolve, and resolve it, He will. It will be many, many years, however, until this happens.
The once united and powerful kingdom of Israel is now greatly weakened by division. Both the northern and the southern kingdoms will be more vulnerable to foreign powers. Both will be tempted to make alliances with Gentile nations. Both will be exposed to the idolatry of heathen religions. The division of the kingdom is, in one sense, the beginning of the end for both the northern and the southern kingdoms. The northern kingdom of Israel will be ruled by various kings and various dynasties — all evil.
The southern kingdom of Judah will have a somewhat checkered history. The Davidic dynasty will produce some good kings and more wicked kings. The northern kingdom of Israel will be defeated and scattered abroad by the Assyrians. The southern kingdom of Judah will be carried off to captivity by the Babylonians. The division of the two kingdoms will only intensify. It will take a spectacular intervention on the part of God to put this nation back together. From this point on, it is a downhill and very slippery slope that Israel and Judah will walk.
Things will quickly deteriorate from bad to worse, with only a few bright spots for Judah.
- The Reigns of Rehoboam and Jeroboam
- The Kingdom Divided – Rehoboam vs Jeroboam
The prophecies of Deuteronomy are quickly beginning to find their fulfillment in this history of Israel, now a divided kingdom.
Let me point out just a few. Our text is a vivid illustration of the way divisions occur. The division of the united kingdom occurred in a way that is classic for all divisions.
Rehoboam and Jeroboam Reign (Sunday School Lesson)
Churches have split and marriages have ended in divorce in precisely the same manner. Let me point out some of the key elements. The first element is pride or arrogance. Rehoboam was too proud to heed the petition of the people and to lighten the load his father had placed on them. The second element, closely related, is power. The fourth element is that of leadership.
Rehoboam abused his position of leadership. He viewed his position as the opportunity to force others to serve him, rather than as his opportunity to serve others. Humility and servanthood would have saved his kingdom. Finally, there is the element of time. There was a window of opportunity for healing and reconciliation, and Rehoboam did not seize it. The longer the division lasted, the more intense it became. We would do well to ponder the failures of Rehoboam, for divisions are still very much a part of the fallen world in which we live.
Our text is also a great illustration of the relationship between divine sovereignty and human responsibility. From one perspective, the division of the kingdom was the result of the arrogance and the foolishness of Rehoboam. One could look at the entire sequence of events from a totally human perspective. And yet we must take into account the words of 1 Kings The king refused to listen to the people, because the Lord was instigating this turn of events so that he might bring to pass the prophetic announcement he had made through Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam son of Nebat 1 Kings The major problem that most people face in dealing with the sovereignty of God and the responsibility of man is that they assume it must be all one way or the other.
They assume that if God is sovereign, then man must not be free to make choices. The only other option for many is that men are free agents, causing God not to be in complete control of human history.
Jeroboam - Wikipedia
How, they reason, can God hold any man accountable for choices that he was predestined to make? The fact is that God gives men the freedom to make choices, but He is always in complete control of human history.
When I seek to be in control of my children, I must do so by restricting their freedoms and by limiting their choices. I cannot let them out of my sight, or I lose control. We see this very clearly in the division of the nation Israel. Actions that may seem trivial at the time have profound consequences, for good or evil.
Rehoboam did not set out to divide his kingdom or to set the nation on a path of disaster. But the fact is that his foolish decision did have these consequences. Rehoboam should have known better.
He followed the example of Solomon his father at a very foolish time in his life and the advice of his friends, rather than the Word of God and the words of wise men. This whole matter of servanthood and leadership is prominent in the Bible, and especially in the New Testament. This is the way the scribes and Pharisees exercised their power: But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they teach. The disciples were tempted to follow this path, but Jesus taught them otherwise: Are you able to drink the cup I drink or be baptized with the baptism I experience?
It is for those for whom it has been prepared. Instead whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant, 44 and whoever wants to be first among you must be the slave of all.
Jeroboam Which king ruled over the 2 tribes? What do you remember about his character from our last lesson?
After Jeroboam became king he went to live in Shechem. Who remembers who told Jeroboam he would be king over the 10 tribes of Israel? I will build you a dynasty as enduring as the one I built for David and will give Israel to you. In your own words what was that promise to Jeroboam? If Jeroboam obeyed God he would have a kingdom that lasts If believers choose to obey God, He gives them rewards that will last for all eternity. What was Jeroboam focusing on?
As believers the enemy of our souls Satan tells us it is too difficult to obey God. And His commands are not burdensome. Instead of being remembered as a king who honored and obeyed God, he would always be remembered for his wickedness.
Read 2 Chronicles If we flip over to 1 Kings Shishak invaded Jerusalem and stole treasures from the temple and the royal palace. Rehoboam and the people living in his kingdom humbled themselves. Indeed there was some good in Judah.
What are some lessons we have learned that we can use in our own lives? Our memory verse will help us to set our hearts fully on seeking the Lord. Teach Memory verse Review Questions: