Establishing Cause and Effect - Scientific Causality
Causal research, also called explanatory research, is the investigation of ( research into) cause-and-effect relationships. To determine causality, it is important to. meaning of causation and the logic of experimental design. Five criteria should be considered in trying to establish a causal relationship. The first three . No cause has its effect apart from some larger context involving other vari- ables. of identifying cause-effect relationships in large-scale natural resources surveys. .. a randomized experimental design and a random sampling design.
Кто будет охранять охранников. - Вот. Если мы - охранники общества, то кто будет следить за нами, чтобы мы не стали угрозой обществу.
- Establishing Cause and Effect
- Establishing Cause & Effect